I don`t understand why this simple case does not works in browsers except firefox.
When you scroll down on your error log, is there a line starting with “Caused by: …”? If yes, what does it say?
It would be helpful to see your whole error log.
My first guess why Chrome isn’t working would be the version of your chromedriver you are using in Katalon Studio. I think this has to be the same version as your own Chrome.