Sorry for the late response and thanks for all the inputs!
In fact, I am managing a Katalon project (in the 6.3.3 app version) that was not originally created by me.
Nevertheless, I am not aware how Chrome can be related with debug.log creation since I don’t use the browser in the machine where I have Katalon installed.
debug.log as shown above, it reflects at least all the execution log. Not user what triggers it, if it is every call within the run process or not (it seems so).
Regarding the log.properties, there is nothing declared in there.
I even restarted the app several times and the debug.log does not have any kind of housekeeping. Thus, it is never reset or archived.
Hope it helps you to help me understand.